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NSW Department of Education and Communities

Curriculum support for NSW Public Schools

History: Internet resources

This section provides an introduction to some of the vast resources available on the Internet to support Stages 4 and 5 History. This is by no means an exhaustive list of the resources available, but is intended to provide a starting point for further study. Each of the areas of study have been divided into sub-categories, and some of these sub-categories will actually be relelvant for more than one area of study. For example, one of the sites listed on China has information ranging from Ancient China through to the end of the dynastic period, and several of the sites for the Americas listed in Ancient Societies will also have information relevant for studies of Indigenous Peoples, Colonisation and Contact History.

Stage 4

Eyewitness to history
This website contains sections from the ancient world through to the 20th Century.

Investigating History

History for Kids @ Portland State University
Designed for lower secondary shools, History for Kids, provides simple yet good overviews of a number of topics from different regions around the world. The lessons are designed for American syllabuses. It covers Greece, Rome,West Asia, Germany, Middle Ages, Islam, art and architecture.

A Selected History of Australia @ ABC Online
A project that intends to provide a continually developing chronology of Australian history (from 1900 at this stage). It is a timeline of Australia which has continually changing audio/visual samples from the ABC Archives.

Teaching heritage
A professional development website for HSIE teachers, developed by the NSW Department of Education and Training, NSW Board of Studies and the NSW Heritage Council.

PictureAustralia
PictureAustralia is an Internet based service that allows you to search many significant online pictorial collections at the same time.
PictureAustralia provides access to images that cover all aspects of Australiana:

  • Artworks include paintings, drawings, prints and posters of abstract art, fine art and portraits
  • Photographs capture people, places and events
  • Objects include sculpture, scrimshaw, bark, costume, weapons
  • Images may be in black and white or full colour.

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Societies and Civilisations of the Past

Group A - Ancient Societies

Exploring Ancient World Cultures
This site links to information on several aspects and societies of ancient history. It includes Greece, Rome, Egypt, Islam, India, the Near East, China as well as information on Medieval Europe.

Collapse: Why do civilizations fall? @ Learner.org
This site has information and activities about the collapse of four ancient societies: the Maya, Mesopotamia, Chaco Canyon and Mali and Songhai. You will explore archaeological evidence to examine possible reasons for the collapse of civilisations around the world.

Egypt

Animal Mummies
Animal Mummies can tell us a lot about Egypt and the Ancient Egyptians. Some of the topics about which we expect to learn more are religious beliefs, mummification, animal husbandry, vetinary practices and extinct species.

British Museum's web site on ancient Egypt
The site is divided into ten chapters' which address themes or topics relevant to ancient Egypt. The ten chapters' are presented on a menu page where the user can choose a chapter by clicking on the word or icon relating to that chapter.

Nova Online Adventures: The Pyramids
This site takes you on a virtual exploration of the Great Pyramid at Giza. Here, you can crawl through Khufu's narrow passageways and navigate your way, as the pharaohs did, to the King's burial chamber.

Greece

Citizens of Athens & Citizens of Sparta
Based on the National Curriculum (UK) this site covers the period of the Pelopennesain War. It is designed for lower secondary students. We have two families. One from Athens and one from Sparta. We can read just like in a play or a soap about what happens to each member of the family at different points in time. The characters also interact, so by reading about one, you can infer things about others.

Alexander the Great
The Fondazione Memmo museum has produced this extensive site about Alexander the Great. Many primary and secondary sources are the basis of this source. For the younger students a study guide would be useful.

Rome

The Roman Empire in the First Century
Two thousand years ago, the world was ruled by Rome, and Rome was in turmoil. From the chaos of civil war, the Roman Empire would rise even stronger to embrace hundreds of cultures, and till the soil from which western civilization would grow. Meet the Emperors of Rome, read the words of poets and philosophers, learn about life in the 1st Century AD, then try your skills in our "Emperor of Rome" game!

The Romans @ BBC Online
This site contains information, activities, a timeline and quizzes on life in Ancient Rome. The site contains a good deal of basic information.

China

China at the E-Museum at Minnesota State University
This site explores the Chinese Dynasties from the Neolithic era all the way up to the beginning of Communist China in 1911. It includes text, maps and images and is a very good general introduction to the dynasties.

North America and the Arctic Circle

Aboriginal Peoples of Newfoundland and Labrador
The province of Newfoundland and Labrador today is home to four peoples of Aboriginal ancestry: the Beothuks, the Inuit, the Innu, the Micmac and the Metis. This site explores the history of these five groups of Indigenous peoples.

Central and South America

The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Mesoamerica
This site provides brief stories, images and information about a great number of aspects of ancient Mesoamerica in encyclopedic format. It does not provide a comprehensive history, but forms a very good introduction to the ancient cultures of Central and South America.

Descendants of the Incas
Welcome to Descendants of the Incas. We hope the images and comments you explore will give you a flavor of the rich culture of Inca people living today near the city of Cusco, once the capital of the Inca empire.
Descendants Of The Incas fulfills one of the major goals of the Center For Traditional Textiles of Cusco, Peru: to share information with you and others about the Native American culture of the Andes.

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Group B - Medieval and Early Modern Societies

The Age of Knights

Knighthood, Chivalry & Tournaments Resource Library
This website offers lots of information about Knights and their lives. It includes links to other sites and includes access to some primary sources.

The Vikings

The Vikings
This is the story of a people who crossed the sea in search of other lands. In small boats they braved mighty oceans and settled... eventually! The site links to information at other sites about vikings as well as providing some great information about the life of vikings.

Japan

Welcome to Edo
During the reign of the Tokugawa Shoguns, Japan's emperor reigned in secluded majesty at the imperial capital in Kyoto; however, the true center of power, government, the economy and social life was Edo (known today as Tokyo), where the Shogun lived and ruled the country. This site will take you on an interactive tour of Edo, and looks at what life was like there in the 18th century. In this site, when you move the mouse over the images, sometimes pop-up boxes will appear with further information. If you can't see all the text in the box, go to the "View" menu, then to "Text Size" and select a smaller size.

The Samurai - A Brief History
This website attempts to briefly explore the military aspects of Japan's history from the Early through Pre-Modern periods. It focuses on the Samurai, however a need to make reference to historical context, not always related specifically related to the Samurai, is identified, and as such there is a good deal here about more general Japanese history.

The Crusades

The Crusades @ New Advent, the online Catholic Encyclopedia
This site is a history of the Crusades at the Catholic Encyclopedia. The Crusades are a period in history which, not unlike many other historic events and eras, are interpreted quite differently depending on the historian. This site is an explicitly Catholic viewpoint on the Crusades. "The Crusades were expeditions undertaken, in fulfilment of a solemn vow, to deliver the Holy Places from Mohammedan tyranny."

France

Liberty, Equality, Fraternity: Exploring the French Revolution
This site provides access to an extensive range of resources on the French Revolution, containing over 600 primary documents. It includes 12 topical essays, 250 images, 350 text documents, 13 songs, 13 maps, a timeline and a glossary.

Fondation Napoléon
This site, in English and French, is the site of the Napoleon Foundation, a registered charity dedicated to the study of the life and times of Napoleon Bonaparte. It contains information on dates, heritage, primary sources, links to other sites relevant to Napoleonic studies and much more.

The Americas

The Salem Witch Trials @ DiscoverySchool.com
In 1692, 19 innocent men and women were hanged for witchcraft. An old man was pressed to death under heavy rocks for refusing to stand trial. Four others died in jail as the awaited trial. How did a village get caught up in such madness? Enter a world very different from our own and discover the fears, struggles and beliefs of everyday people in Salem.

Victorian Britain

History Trail: Victorian Britain @ BBC Online
Victorian Britain experienced dramatic economic growth but at great social cost. Discover more about the winners and losers in the race to prosperity. Find out how heroic cartoons and the novels of Charles Dickens can help the historian piece together a picture of the past.

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Aboriginal and Indigenous Peoples, Colonisation and Contact History

Australia

History of the Indigenous vote (pdf)
History of the Indigenous Vote traces the history of the Indigenous people's right to vote in Australia. The story includes: an introduction and brief explanation of the formation of presettlement Indigenous law; gaining the vote, along with other Australians, in the mid 1800s and losing the vote at Federation; regaining the vote and active participation in the electoral process; and the formation of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission and the Torres Strait Regional Authority in modern day Australia, as well as a timeline.

Barani: Indigenous History of Sydney City
Barani contains the history, life stories and images of many Indigenous men and women who have made great contributions to their people and their country. The story of Aboriginal Sydney could not be told without recognising their achievements. This site is an interactive, searchable resource which links you to a thematic introduction to Sydney's Indigenous history, biographies and other references.

Lore of the Land
This website and accompanying CD-ROM is the result of a co-operative and consultative partnership between Indigenous and non-indigenous people. It offers visitors the opportunity to explore and discover the richness of Australia's history, the beauty of its geography and the voices of its people giving expression to their love of this land we all share and each call home.

International

Indigenous Peoples Literarture
This site contains a wealth of writings by and information about Indigenous peoples from around the world. Its primary focus is North America, but still has plenty of information on other Indigenous people and nations.

Native American Nations
This site contains links to pages that have either been set up by the nations themselves, or are pages devoted to a particular nation. They are nations of North America and are sorted alphabetically by tribal name. It includes both federally recognised and unrecognised nations.

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The Shaping of the Modern World

Human Rights
This site focuses on the origins and implications of international human rights documents for the international community, the sovereign nation, identifiable groups and the individual. It is designed for secondary students to explore the historical and contemporary developments of human rights in the 20th century, and to develop an understanding of the impact of these developments on today's lives and thinking.

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Stage 5

Australia to 1914

Federation Gateway @ The National Library of Australia
The Federation Gateway provides access to a vast number of resources on federation in Australia. This mostly includes access to the library's online catalogue and information about exhibitions and documents at the library, but it does have a good list of web links as well.

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Australia and World War I

First World War 1914-1918 @ The Australian War Memorial
This site at the Australian War Memorial tells the story of Australian soldiers in World War I. It also provides links to other good sources of information about Australia's involvement in World War I. It is part of a broader story of Australia's military history, and as such has good information about Australia's involvement in other wars.

Visit Gallipoli and the Anzac Commemorative Site
This site is the Australian Government site on Gallipoli during World War I and today. It contains overviews, a timeline, images and stories of Australians and the other Allied Forces involved in the battle at Gallipoli, as well as information on the site today.

The Australian Light Horse Association
The Australian Light Horse Association Ltd is a non-profit organisation, whose aim is to preserve the history and tradition of the Australian Light Horse and its predecessors. The web site is dedicated to the Australian Light Horse Regiments, and the Light Horsemen who served their country in both war and peace, and contains both historical and current information on famous regiments and famous battles, as well as information on both ordinary soldiers and commanders, existing Military Units, current Re-enactment Troops, and Light Horse Museums.

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Australia and World War II

Second World War 1939-1945
This is the Australian War Memorial's section on World War II.

The John Curtin Prime Ministerial Library
The John Curtin Prime Ministerial Library (JCPML) Australia's first prime ministerial library is part of the John Curtin Centre at Curtin University of Technology, in Perth, Western Australia. The John Curtin Centre is a major University initiative and as part of that initiative the JCPML honours John Curtin, Australia's wartime Prime Minister, after whom the University is named.The JCPML is a purpose-built archival and educational facility providing secure and environmentally stable storage for the preservation of unique material and appropriately designed facilities for researchers.The JCPML has an active public program incorporating an education program for schools, public lectures and other events and exhibitions including the major exhibition Shaping the Nation: John Curtin and Australia.

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Australia in the Vietnam War Era

The Menzies Virtual Museum
The Menzies Virtual Museum is an educational resource which documents the life and achievements of Sir Robert Menzies. Stage 1 is a time line spanning Sir Robert's life from 1894 to 1978. It contains 750 images, several sound and film clips and 25,000 words of supporting text.The time line is organised on three levels:
(1) the life and times of Sir Robert Menzies;
(2) people and events that shaped Australian history during that time; and
(3) world events that took place during those years.

The Vietnam Veterans Association of Australia
The Vietnam Veterans Association of Australia (VVAA) had its advent in the Vietnam Veterans Action Association formed in the late 1979 as a result of the perceptions of Vietnam veterans that exposure to chemicals was causing problems with their health and the health of their children. The chemicals, known by the generic name of Agent Orange included 2,4,5,T and 2,4,D, a byproduct of which is the extremely poisonous substance TCDD or dioxin. The problems ranged from minor irritation to lethal, with symptoms such as skin blisters, itching, flushes, nasal problems, blurred vision, respiratory, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, gastro-urinary muscular and nervous system disorders, cancers and tumours. This was often exacerbated by psychological disorders caused by what was later diagnosed as post traumatic stress disorder.

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Changing Rights and Freedoms

The Migration Heritage Centre
The Migration Heritage Centre provides opportunities for people to tell of their achievements, their struggles for belonging, of cultural change, traditions and adaptation, reconciliation and celebrations of survival. The centre provides migrant stories from the 1950s onwards.

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People Power and Politics in the Post-war Period

Dismissal of the Whitlam Government
Edward Gough Whitlam's Labor government had been elected on December 2, 1972 and was the first Labor government in 23 years. Australia's Prime Minister for 16 years was Robert Menzies, whose Liberal Party governed in coalition with the Country Party (now called the National Party). It's demise a mere three years later at the hands of the Senate and the Governor-General is a fascinating political story that is still relevant to this day.

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Australia's Social and Cultural History in the Post-War Period

Johnny O'Keefe
This site has been created and is maintained by the peers and friends of the late Johnny O'keefe. Its purpose is to keep alive the truth about J.O'K so that anyone wanting to know about the beginnings of Rock'n'Roll in Australia can have an uncluttered and unbiased view of Australia's first King of Rock'n'Roll.

Long Way To The Top
Long Way To The Top traces the evolution of Australian rock music from the 1950s to the present. Following the success of the TV series first screened in 2001, came a national concert tour in 2002. Deals with a number of social issues from the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s.

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Cross-period websites

Australian Museum & Galleries Online
Australian Museum & Galleries Online is a Heritage Collections Council (HCC) project, a joint initiative of the Commonwealth, State and Territory Governments in partnership with the Australian cultural sector. The site contains a comprehensive list of museums and galleries, databases and online exhibitions.

The National Museum of Australia
The National Museum of Australia has produced a range of curriculum-based resources and information packages for primary and secondary classrooms. Click on "Schools" and then on "Resources" to access a number of excellent units of work and information packages on many aspects of Australian history.

The National Archives of Australia
The National Archives of Australia web site provides access to a huge number of documents relating to Australia's history spanning almost 200 years, but the collection's main strength is in its post-1901 material. The information is divided into several categories: "Family History", "Cabinet", "Defence", "Federation", "Indigenous Records", "Prime Ministers", "Security", "Transport" and "Foreign Relations".

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General Internet sites

Montage Australia
Global Internet curriculum projects for education sponsored by The British Council.

Guide to Australia
An extensive link page developed by Charles Sturt University. A range of links are useful across a range of topics for history.

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