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NSW Department of Education and Communities

Curriculum support for NSW Public Schools

Geography: Internet resources

This section provides an introduction to some of the vast resources available on the Internet to support Stages 4 and 5 Geography. This is by no means an exhaustive list of the resources available, but is intended to provide a starting point for further study. Each of the areas of study have been divided into sub-categories, and some of these sub-categories will actually be relelvant for more than one area of study.

Stage 4

Tsunami aftermath
This website provides before and after aerial photographs of areas devastated by the tsunami in December 2004. They are graded so that the devastation depicted becomes worse as you look through the series. There are 20 sets of images in all. They may be of interest to geography teachers for use in the classroom.

Bureau of Meteorology
The Bureau was established under the Meteorology Act of 1906 by formally bringing together the individual colonial/State Meteorological Services that had existed prior to that time. It commenced operation as a Commonwealth agency on 1 January 1908. Following the repeal of the Meteorology Act of 1906, the Bureau was formally reestablished, under the charge of the Director of Meteorology, by the Meteorology Act of 1955. This act provides the explicit legal basis and the basic charter for its operation. It is established by the Act as a primarily public interest agency but with the power to make charges for specialised services to individual users and user groups.

Antarctica Online
ANARE is the acronym for Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions, which since 1947 have served Australia in south polar regions. In 1948 the Antarctic Division was established to administer ANARE. ANARE embraces the activities in Antarctica of both government and non-government bodies and individuals, with a central focus on scientific research. The site contains a schools section.

Geoscience Australia
Geoscience Australia: provides high-quality geoscience information and is the custodian for a wide range of national data collections - including the spatial data of AUSLIG.
A major challenge for society in the 21st century will be managing the impacts of human activities on the natural environment, while maintaining access to the resources that underpin modern lifestyles.
Geoscience is a key discipline in understanding and managing these issues. The sustainability of our society's consumption patterns rests firmly on a geological foundation. The quality of natural and built environments, and the impacts of human activity on these environments, revolve around the same geological foundation. Our understanding of our agricultural lands, investments in property, and the risks that geological hazards pose to our lives is based on geoscience too.

Biomes @ UCLA - Berkeley
The importance of biomes cannot be underestimated. Biomes have changed and moved many times during the history of life on Earth. More recently, human activities have drastically altered these communities. Thus, conservation and preservation of biomes should be a major concern to all. is a site covering 5 of the major world biomes. What's a biome? Biomes are the various regions of our planet which can best be distinguished by their climate, fauna and flora. Scientists argue on the exact number, or different types of biomes in existence.

DesertUSA's purpose is to provide a tool for discovery - a publication which entertains educates and explores with our readers, the beauty, life and culture of the North American deserts.
To this end, contains images, stories, movie and audio clips, virtual reality tours and hard data about, virtually any desert-related topic: plants, animals, geology, cultural and natural history, recreation, parks, cities, travel and people.

Brazilian Environments (Government of Brazil)
Occupying an area of 8,5 km2 and situated in a tropical region, Brazil has a diversity of environments, the product of geological history and recent human influence .These environments correspond, in principle, to the phytogeographic provinces described in the beginning of the 19th century by Carl F.P.von Martius, a botanist who also initiated the monumental;Flora Brasilienses;. Despite having suffered alterations by human action, the standards are still accepted today, when modern techniques of remote sensoring monitor the Brazilian physical environment.

Principal Cities and Agglomerations
On these web pages, you'll find statistics and maps about the population of the major agglomerations of the world. For many countries, information about the population of their administrative areas and of their principal cities is provided. For many countries, it is possible to visualize the change of population and the population density of the administrative areas.

The Groundwater Foundation
The Groundwater Foundation is a nonprofit organization that is dedicated to informing the public about one of our greatest hidden resources, groundwater. Since 1985, our programs and publications present the benefits everyone receives from groundwater and the risks that threaten groundwater quality.

International Rivers Network
IRN supports local communities working to protect their rivers and watersheds. We work to halt destructive river development projects, and to encourage equitable and sustainable methods of meeting needs for water, energy and flood management.

The site dealing with statistics on the human population and Earth in general. The main kind of data you can find here is on the population of regions, countries, provinces and cities. Next to that there are some statistics on economic factors like wealth, infrastructure and more.

Global Environments

One environment
One Environment is designed for school students aged 9 to 14 (Years 5 to 8 in most education systems). Its aims for students are to:
1. learn about the environment in the framework of civics and citizenship
2. learn to use technology in the classroom
3. develop Internet literacy.

United Nations Environment page
The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), established in 1972, works to encourage sustainable development through sound environmental practices everywhere. Its activities cover a wide range of issues, from atmosphere and terrestrial ecosystems, the promotion of environmental science and information, to an early warning and emergency response capacity to deal with environmental disasters and emergencies.

Development Topics @ The World Bank
The World Bank Group is one of the world's largest sources of development assistance. In Fiscal Year 2002, the institution provided more than US$19.5 billion in loans to its client countries. It works in more than 100 developing economies with the primary focus of helping the poorest people and the poorest countries.

Protection of the Human Environment @ WHO
This site presents WHO's work to assist its Member States and their populations in achieving a sustainable basis for health for all by ensuring an environment that promotes health, and by making individuals and organizations aware of their responsibility for health and its environmental basis

The ChangingClimate
The ChangingClimate website is intended to be a unique contribution to solving one of society's greatest environmental problems.
It is based upon the belief that finding solutions to the problems of climate change requires bold and constructive new partnerships across society, involving business, government, ordinary people, and the research community. The transfer of knowledge, feelings, understanding, and of the unanswered questions must be a critical catalyst in stimulating these partnerships. The Internet provides a unique tool to enable this sharing, to stimulate informed dialogue, and to build common understanding.

Responding To Climate Change
The Responding To Climate Change initiative arose from the heart of the international negotiations on climate change. This portal is a unique focal point for the main players in the emerging climate regime to showcase their meaningful and effective responses to climate change. It gives access to services, products, policies and environmentally sound technologies from companies, governments, intergovernmental agencies, non governmental organisations and research institutions who work in this field.

Climate Change @ Greenpeace
For more than a century, people have relied on fossil fuels such as oil, coal and gas for their energy needs. Now, worldwide, people and the environment are experiencing the consequences. Global warming, caused by burning fossil fuels, is the worst environmental problem we face today.

Forests @ Greenpeace
Throughout the world, the ancient forests are in crisis. Many of the plants and animals that live in these forests face extinction, and many of the peoples and cultures who depend on forests for their way of life are also under threat.

Oceans @ Greenpeace
Life in the oceans comes in an incredible array of shapes and sizes - from microscopic plankton to the largest of the great whales. Coral life in the Belau Islands, North Pacific. Each of these species are part of complex marine ecosystems. We have much to learn about how these ecosystems work and how our activities impact on them.

ReefBase is an online information system on coral reefs, and was designed to provide relevant data and information to reef managers and scientists, as well as the general public.

The World Nuclear Association
The World Nuclear Association is the global industrial organisation that seeks to promote the peaceful worldwide use of nuclear power as a sustainable energy resource for the coming centuries. Specifically, the WNA is concerned with nuclear power generation and all aspects of the nuclear fuel cycle, including mining, conversion, enrichment, fuel fabrication, plant manufacture, transport, and the safe disposition of spent fuel.

The Australian Nuclear Science &; Technology Organisation
The Australian Nuclear Science &; Technology Organisation (ANSTO) is Australia's national nuclear organisation and the centre of Australian nuclear expertise. The ANSTO Act 1987 prescribes its general purpose. The purpose is translated into action through corporate drivers of vision, mission and strategic goals.
Our vision is to benefit all Australians and the international community through the innovative applications of nuclear science and technology and for ANSTO to be recognised as a leader in selected fields of expertise.

Nuclear @ Greenpeace
Safe nuclear power is a myth. Greenpeace is campaigning to end nuclear power, reprocessing and waste dumping. The Nuclear Age began in July 1945 when the US tested their first nuclear bomb near Alamogordo, New Mexico. A few years later, in 1953, President Eisenhower launched his "Atoms for Peace" Programme at the United Nations amid a wave of unbridled atomic optimism. However, the use of nuclear power has never been "peaceful". Almost half a century after Eisenhower's speech the planet is left with the legacy of nuclear waste, which will be radioactive for tens or hundreds of thousands of years.

Toxics @ Greenpeace
The production, trade, use, and release of many synthetic chemicals is now widely recognised as a global threat to human health and the environment. Yet, the world's chemical industries continue to produce and release thousands of chemical compounds every year, in most cases with none or very little testing and understanding of their impacts on people and the environment.

Genetic engineering @ Greenpeace
Genetic engineering enables scientists to create plants, animals and micro-organisms by manipulating genes in a way that does not occur naturally. These genetically engineered (GE) organisms can reproduce and interbreed with natural organisms, therefore spreading to new environments and future generations in an unforeseeable and uncontrollable way.

The Council for Responsible Genetics
The Council for Responsible Genetics fosters public debate about the social, ethical and environmental implications of genetic technologies.
Founded in 1983, CRG is a non-profit, non- governmental organization based in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
CRG works through the media and concerned citizens to distribute accurate information and represent the public interest on emerging issues in biotechnology. CRG also publishes a bimonthly magazine, GeneWatch, the only publication of its kind in the nation.
Contains a large link section of genetic engineering

The World Trade Organization
The World Trade Organization (WTO) is the only global international organization dealing with the rules of trade between nations. At its heart are the WTO agreements, negotiated and signed by the bulk of the world's trading nations and ratified in their parliaments. The goal is to help producers of goods and services, exporters, and importers conduct their business.

Trade and the environment @ Greenpeace
As the world economy becomes more global, Greenpeace aims to empower governments and international institutions to ensure that this process does not adversely affect the environment or environmental policy. Greenpeace activists hang a 60 foot banner from the World Bank's building in Washington to protest its funding of forest destruction. As the world economy become more global, international rules governing trade, finance and multinational corporations are forming.

Global Citizens
The aim of this unit is to improve students learning in civics and citizenship through a focus on international citizenship. The units are defining citizenship, global citizenship, global linkages, variations in life opportunities and achieving global citizenship.

Globally speaking - The radio series @ABC
If the flow of people around the world is one element of globalisation then it is not a recent phenomenon . It can be argued that globalisation has its origins in the 'out of Africa' migrations, commencing some 200,000 years ago.
During the nineteenth and twentieth centuries war and colonisation have been powerful globalising agents. The era of colonialism, in many ways, created the first globally multi-racial and multi-cultural societies. The post Cold War period has seen the United States become the dominant economic and cultural power and a driving force of globalisation

The United Nations Cyberschoolbus
The United Nations Cyberschoolbus was created in 1996 as the online education component of the Global Teaching and Learning Project, whose mission is to promote education about international issues and the United Nations. The Global Teaching and Learning Project produces high quality teaching materials and activities designed for educational use (at primary, intermediate and secondary school levels) and for training teachers. The vision of this Project is to provide exceptional educational resources (both online and in print) to students growing up in a world undergoing increased globalization.

Stage 5

Teaching heritage
A professional development website for HSIE teachers, developed by the NSW Department of Education and Training, NSW Board of Studies and the NSW Heritage Council.

PictureAustralia is an Internet based service that allows you to search many significant online pictorial collections at the same time. PictureAustralia provides access to images that cover all aspects of Australiana.

Australia Now - a snapshot of Australia at the Australian Bureau of Statistics
Australia Now - a Statistical Profile provides a comprehensive overview of the economic and social conditions of contemporary Australia, together with their administrative and legislative background. It also describes Australia's government, international relations, defence, geography and climate. Its pages provide sufficient background information to establish a context for the statistics and to help in understanding and interpreting them

National Library of Australia
This site is the National Library of Australia's primary interface for delivering services to both onsite and offsite users.
A resource of around 6,000 HTML documents provides access to information about the Library, its collections, services and activities. These documents can be accessed through intuitive navigation paths from the Home Page or searched directly through our Site Search facility.

National Trust of Australia (NSW)
Coral reefs, fairy penguins and gum trees for starters. You see, the National Trust is interested in protecting a lot more than old buildings. We're concerned with all aspects of our heritage, whether it be environmental, cultural or structural. In fact, the first National Trust property wasn't even a building. It was Montagu Island on the South Coast of NSW, home to an endangered colony of fur seals and fairy penguins.
And thanks to our persistence, the Great Barrier Reef was spared from oil exploration and added to the World Heritage List. We were also instrumental in stopping a nuclear power station from being built at Jervis Bay. And if it were not for us, Balls Head on Sydney Harbour would be a sea of red roof tiles instead of trees.

The NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service
The NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service (NPWS) is the government agency responsible for developing and maintaining the parks and reserve system, and conserving natural and cultural heritage, in the state of New South Wales, Australia.

Parks Victoria
Parks Victoria now manages the State's outstanding parks system, as well as Melbourne's bays and waterways and a considerable part of our cultural heritage.

Nature Base (Western Australia's park and wildlife service)
The Department of Conservation and Land Management (CALM) is part of a greater conservation community and has distinct State government responsibilities within that community. Conservation is a collective role.
We have the lead responsibility for conserving the State's rich diversity of native plants, animals and natural ecosystems, and many of its unique landscapes. On behalf of the people of Western Australia, we manage more than 22 million hectares, including more than 8.5 per cent of WA's land area: its national parks, marine parks, conservation parks, regional parks, State forests and timber reserves, nature reserves, and marine nature reserves.

Coastcare is a national environment program that provides opportunities for the community, indigenous groups, the business sector and governments to become actively involved in the protection and management of Australia's coastal and marine environments.
Coastcare funding supports a wide range of community projects such as: dune revegetation; beach access and boardwalk construction; weed control; reef and marine species monitoring; coastal habitat protection and community education.

The Commonwealth Department of Agriculture, Fisheries, Forestry
The Commonwealth Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry - Australia (AFFA) has the dual roles of providing customer services to the agricultural, food, fisheries and forest industries, and addressing the challenges of natural resource management. It also helps build and promote the whole food and fibre chain from paddock to plate for domestic and international markets.

Australian Marine Conservation Society
The AMCS (Formerly the Australian Littoral Society) is one of the leading conservation organisations in Australia, and is the only national group devoted solely to protecting the marine environment. It is a non-profit, non-government organisation that has a unique role in promoting the study and conservation of all aquatic life.
The Society operates not through ownership of land or marine sites, but by promoting marine and aquatic conservation to the general public, user groups and decision-makers on the basis of soundly researched argument and scientific fact.

National Association of Forest Industries (NAFI)
NAFI provides the national voice for the hundreds of firms and thousands of individuals who comprise the Australian forest industries.
NAFI was formed in response to a spate of politically inspired forest closures and a difficult market situation for timber.
A small professional team was recruited to assemble the facts about forest industries, communicate an effective message to the Australia people and politicians and implement a long-term strategy for environmentally and economically sustainable forest industries.

Issues in Australian Environments

State Forests
State Forests is a New South Wales Government Trading Enterprise responsible for sustainably managing more than 2 million hectares of public native forests and an expanding estate of hardwood and softwood planted forests.
State Forests' goal is to manage the forests under its care to provide the widest range of benefits to the present and future generations of people in NSW.
NSW Department of Land and Water
The departments role is to help the community to obtain the maximum benefit from its limited, and sometimes fragile, natural resources.The department expects to achieve its vision, which is to work together to achieve healthy and productive environments for present and future generations, through integrated catchment management, ie the coordinated and sustainable management of the States natural resources.

Environment Australia
Environment Australia advises the Commonwealth Government on policies and programs for the protection and conservation of the environment, including both natural and cultural heritage places. It also manages a number of major programs, the most significant of which come under the umbrella of the Natural Heritage Trust. These programs include Bushcare, Coasts and Clean Seas, the Endangered Species Program and Waterwatch. Environment Australia also administers environmental laws, including the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 and a range of other Acts. It is also responsible for Australia's participation in a number of international environmental agreements.

Greenpeace is an independent organisation campaigning to ensure a just, peaceful, sustainable environment for future generations. Our mission and core values are based on independence, non-violence and bearing witness.
Behind the scenes, we campaign on many levels. We use non-violent, direct actions to expose global environmental problems and force solutions. Our victories are a testament to the effectiveness of Greenpeace's methods.

Urbanisation study of Sydney @ EPA NSW
Urbanisation is the process of altering land uses to create and further develop urban centres. In Australia, urban centres are defined as population clusters of 1,000 or more people within a built-up area. Major urban centres are clusters of more than 100,000 people. Some discussions of urbanisation focus on different population thresholds to define urban areas. In NSW in 1995 there are four major adjacent urban centres: Sydney, Newcastle. Wollongong and the Central Coast, forming an area known as the Greater Metropolitan Region. The most obvious effect of urbanisation - an effect which is implicit in its definition - is a shift from less intensive to more intensive uses of land.


NSW Discovering Democracy professional development website
Welcome to the NSW Discovering Democracy professional development website which promotes civics and citizenship education in government and non-government schools across Years 4 to 10.
The aim of the NSW professional development on Discovering Democracy is to provide support for teachers in developing strategies that will prepare students to play their part as active and informed citizens.

National Discovering Democracy @ Curriculum Corporation
Civics and citizenship education is an important national priority. Our democracy depends on informed participation. Schools play a crucial role in helping to foster such participation. Young people need to understand the workings of our political and legal system and our history as a democratic nation so they can take their place as confident and open-minded citizens in a twenty-first century Australia.

Parliament of Australia
This site provides details about:
The Senate: Senators, the Senate at work, Senate committees, Legislation, Publications and the Senate Department, The House of Representatives: Members, the House at work, Reps Committees, Legislation, Publications and the House of representatives, Department Committees: A linked list of all current Parliamentary Committees
Legislation: Bills before the parliament, Acts and Australian Law and the Australian Constitution
Who's Who: Governor General, Presiding Officers, Senators (search), Members of the House of Representatives (search), Ministry and Shadow Ministry and Parliamentary Departments.
Parliamentary Services: Library, Reporting, Joint House, Inter-Parliamentary Relations, Visiting the Parliament and Energy Management in Parliament House.

Australian Government access
Access to Australian Commonwealth Government Information. Provides detailed information about Government, Parliament and Legislation, and Departments and Agencies.

The Australian Electoral Commission (AEC)
The Australian Electoral Commission (AEC) is an independent statutory authority established under the provisions of the Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918. Something the AEC, Conduct federal elections and by-elections

General Internet sites

The OzProjects site assists you to find suitable online curriculum projects and provides access to a host of resources to support your involvement. OzProjects is part of EdNA Online services.

Global Internet curriculum projects for education sponsored by The British Council.

A Selected History of Australia @ ABC Online
A project that intends to provide a continually developing chronology of Australian history (from 1900 at this stage). It is a timeline of Australia which has continually changing audio/visual samples from the ABC Archives.

Guide to Australia
An extensive link page developed by Charles Sturt University. A range of links are useful across a range of topics for history.

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